Japanese Spacelab with first African-American woman astronaut

Japanese  Spacelab with first African-American woman astronaut

Space Shuttle Endeavour STS-47 had many firsts. The 50th Shuttle flight marks the first NASA mission devoted primarily to Japan. The international crew included the first Japanese astronaut to fly aboard the Shuttle a NASA spacecraft, payload specialist Dr. Mamoru Mohri. Other crew members included the first African-American woman to fly in space, Mae Jemison, and contrary to normal NASA policy, the first married couple to fly on the same space mission, Mark Lee and Jan Davis.

In the top photo the STS-47 crewmembers assemble for their traditional onboard (in-flight) portrait in the Spacelab Japan (SLJ) science module aboard the Earth-orbiting Endeavour, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 105. Pictured, left to right, back row are Commander Robert L. Gibson and Pilot Curtis L. Brown, Jr; middle row Mission Specialist (MS) N. Jan Davis, MS Jerome Apt, and MS Mae C. Jemison; and front row MS and Payload Commander (PLC) Mark C. Lee and Payload Specialist Mamoru Mohri. Mohri represents Japan's National Space Development Agency (NASDA). The crew was divided into red and blue teams for around the clock operations.

NASA first women astronaut candidates

The women selected by NASA as the first female astronaut candidates in January 1978

During the 135 missions of the Space Shuttle Program's 30-year run we saw the integration of women crew members. As I started gathering up photos and information from NASA, I realized that geek history not only needed a section on space exploration, but a tribute to these female pioneers of space.

The women selected by NASA as the first female astronaut candidates in January 1978 are a great example that being a geek is not strictly a man's world. The six women chosen enrolled in a training program that they completed in August 1979. Shown in the NASA photo from left to right are Shannon W. Lucid, Margaret Rhea Seddon, Kathryn D. Sullivan, Judith A. Resnik, Anna L. Fisher, and Sally K. Ride. Sally Ride was the first American woman in space. Sadly, one member of the class of first female astronaut candidates, Dr. Judith Resnik was killed during the launch of Challenger in 1986.

Below are the brief biographies of first female astronauts.

NASA rocket scientist Wernher von Braun powered Apollo 11

NASA rocket scientist Wernher von Braun powered Apollo 11For anyone who grew up in the 1960s or earlier, what could better symbolize brave new worlds with visions of the future than when the Apollo 11 mission landed on the moon.

I am not a rocket scientist, nor is space craft or space exploration in my area of expertise, but I followed the NASA space program as I was growing up. One of the most vivid memories I have from my childhood is watching my parents old black and white television on the night of July 20, 1969. At 10:56 p.m. EDT, American Astronaut Neil Armstrong is ready to plant the first human foot on another world. With more than half a billion people watching on television, he climbs down the ladder and proclaims: "That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind."

The Apollo 11 space craft that carried the astronauts to the moon was powered by the Saturn V rocket created by a team of rocket scientists lead by Dr. Wernher von Braun. Rocket science is generally accepted as being intellectually difficult and outside the capabilities of the average person. When someone is asked to do a relatively undemanding task they are reminded that what they are asked to do is not rocket science. Being in charge of the team that sent the first rocket to the moon is pretty high up on the list of achievements in Geek History.

From German Nazi Party SS to NASA rocket scientist

Wernher von Braun was born in 1912 in Wirsitz, Germany. According to a NASA biography of von Braun, as a youth he became enamored with the possibilities of space exploration by reading the science fiction of Jules Verne and H.G. Wells. As a young man von Braun joined the German Rocket Society. In 1932, von Braun joined the German army to work on the development of ballistic missiles. By 1937, he was the leader of the Nazi rocket program that developed the V-1 “buzz bomb” and the deadly V-2, the world’s first long-range guided ballistic missile. Wernher von Braun was known as the "Father of German Rocket Science."


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